Ending The Draft: The Creation of an All-Volunteer Force                                                                                                                                                  January 19, 2012

January 19, 2012: The Foundation and National Archives hosted Nixon campaign and White House officials who worked with President Nixon to end the draft and create the modern, professional, and all-volunteer force fighting for America today. Participants included Nixon campaign Director of Research and Special Assistant to the President Martin C. Anderson; Nixon campaign aide Annelise Graebner Anderson; and Special Assistant to the President Jonathan C. Rose. Former Selective Service head and current Rand Corporation Senior Fellow Bernard D. Rostker moderated the program.

 

Panelists

Annelise Anderson:

Martin Anderson:

Jonathan Rose:

Bernard Rostker (Moderator):

 

Timeline (With Links To Primary Documents)

1967

February – In Pursuit of Equity: Who Serves When Not All Serve?, Report of The National Advisory Commission on Selective Service (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign)

July 4 – Memo to Richard Nixon, “An Outline of the Factors Involved in Establishing an All-Volunteer Armed Force” by Martin Anderson (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 2)

October 10 – An Analysis of the Factors Involved in Moving to an All-Volunteer Force by Martin Anderson (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 2)

November 18 – The New York Times, “Nixon Backs Eventual End of Draft” by Robert J. Semple (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 3)

1968

October 16 – Candidate Richard Nixon’s Remarks on NBC Radio, “Today’s Youth: The Great Generation (The American Presidency Project)

October 17 – Candidate Richard Nixon’s Remarks on CBS Radio, “The All-Volunteer Armed Force” (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 3)

1969

January 3 – Transition Memorandum, Martin Anderson to President-Elect Nixon Re: All-Volunteer Armed Force (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 1)

February 3 – Memorandum, Secretary Melvin Laird to President Nixon on Selective Service Reforms (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 1)

March 27 – President Nixon Announces the Formation of the Commission on an All-Volunteer Force, The Gates Commission (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 2)

May 13 – President Nixon’s Special Message to Congress on Reforming the Military Draft (The American Presidency Project)

June 6 – President Nixon’s Statement on Establishing Nationwide Youth Advisory Committees to the Selective Service System (The American Presidency Project)

September 19 – President Nixon’s Remarks Concerning Change in Draft Calls and Pending Draft Legislation (The American Presidency Project)

November 26 – President Nixon’s Remarks on Signing the Draft Reform Bill  (The American Presidency Project)

1970

February 20 – The Report Of The President’s Commission On An All-Volunteer Force (The RAND Corporation)

February 21 – Memorandum, President Nixon Meeting with Commission on an All-Volunteer Force, The Gates Commission (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 2)

Memorandum,  Summary of President Nixon Meeting with Commission on an All-Volunteer Force (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 1)

April 23 – President Nixon’s Special Message to Congress on Draft Reform (The American Presidency Project)

Executive Order 11527: Amending the Selective Service Regulations (The American Presidency Project)

1971

January 28 – President Nixon’s Special Message to Congress About Draft Reform (The American Presidency Project)

September 28 – President Nixon’s Statement on Signing Bill Authorizing Extension of the Draft and Increasing Military Pay (The American Presidency Project)

1972

August 28 – President Nixon’s Statement About Progress Toward Establishment of an All-Volunteer Armed Force (The American Presidency Project)

Undated

Action Memorandum For The President, All-Volunteer Armed Force (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 2)

Letter, President Nixon to Tom Gates Establishing Authority for the Committee on an All-Volunteer Force (Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Martin Anderson Donated Collection, Box 1)