October 19, 2011: A discussion on how President Nixon responded when the 1973 OPEC Oil Embargo clashed with an ever increasing national demand for energy resources. Participants included Guy F. Cauruso, CSIS’s resident energy expert; Ambassador Richard Fairbanks, who served as Domestic Council Associate Director for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment; James R. Schlesinger, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Agency, Director of Central Intelligence, Secretary of Defense to President Nixon, and the first-ever Secretary of Energy, serving under President Carter; and James J. Tozzi, former Chief of Environment at the Office of Management and Budget.