The Opening of China
Nixon Legacy Forum
William G. McGowan Theater
National Archives, Washington, D.C.
November 14, 2014

Transcript •  Synopsis • Document Archive • Historic Timeline 

Participants

Jonathan Howe graduated from the Naval Academy in 1957 and served most of his time at sea on submarines.  He had just completed a masters and PhD from Tufts University when he joined the National Security council, serving as Military Assistant from 1969 to 1974. He has had a very distinguished career in the U.S. Navy, eventually becoming a four-star admiral, and serving as President George H.W. Bush’s deputy National Security Adviser. He retired from the navy in 1992.

Winston Lord began his diplomatic career as a Foreign Service Officer in 1961. He served the Defense Department in various roles from 1967 culminating in his appointment to Assistant to the National Security Advisor from 1970 to 1973. He subsequently became become State Department Director of Policy Planning, and President of the Council on Foreign Relations. From 1985 to 1988 he served as the U.S. Ambassador to China, and from 1993 to 1997, was the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian
and Pacific Affairs.

Nicholas Platt began his 34 year long career as Foreign Service Officer in 1964 with an assignment in Hong Kong, and after rapprochement with China served in Beijing from 1973 to 1974. He went on to hold senior positions at the State Department, Defense, and NSC and became ambassador to Namibia, the Philippines, and Pakistan. From 1999 until 2005 he was President of the Asia Society after which he became a member of the New York Council on Foreign Relations.

Richard Solomon received a PhD in Political Science in 1966 and worked as a professor at the University of Michigan until he joined the National Security council in September of 1971. In 1976 he joined the Rand Corporation and later went on to hold senior positions in the State Department, negotiate the Cambodian peace treaty, and serve as ambassador to the Philippines. In 2012, he stepped down as the president of the U.S. Institute of Peace, to become the senior fellow at the Rand Corporation.

Kathleen “Troia” McFarland (Moderator)
KT McFarland McFarland served as Deputy National Security Advisor under President Donald Trump in 2017. She was previously the National Security Analyst for Fox News Channel.” She has worked in national security positions for the Nixon, Regan and Ford administrations, and was awarded the Defense department’s highest civilian award for writing Secretary of Defense Weinberger’s “Principles of War” speech in 1984.