The tradition of a day of remembrance for those who died on both sides in the Civil War —known as Decoration Day— began in the late 1860s.  In 1882 the name was changed to Memorial Day and the fallen of other wars were also honored.  In 1971 President Nixon declared Memorial Day —the last Monday in May— a federal holiday.  This early 20th Century (circa 1906-11) postcard image of Columbia at Arlington National Cemetery is by the prolific period illustrative artist C. Chapman.