In the 1970’s the supply and cost of energy emerged as a major national and international issue. This Legacy Forum addresses how the 37th President suddenly has to confront an energy crisis and establish America’s first energy policy.

Participants include Nixon administration energy, budget, and defense officials:

Richard M. Fairbanks
Ambassador Fairbanks was Assistant to EPA Administrator William Ruckelshaus before going on to serve as the Associate Director of the White House Domestic Council for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment. In 1981, he returned to government service as Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, and in 1982, he was appointed to the rank of Ambassador as the Chief Negotiator of the Middle East peace process. He is a Trustee, Counselor, and former President of CSIS.

James R. Schlesinger, Jr.
Dr. Schlesinger was the first U.S. Secretary of Energy, serving in the Carter Administration from 1977 to 1979. He served in several high level positions in the Nixon Administration including Chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, Director of Central Intelligence, and Secretary of Defense, a post he held during the Yom Kippur War of 1973 and the Energy Crisis of 1974.

James J. Tozzi
Dr. Tozzi is the head of the Center for Regulatory Effectiveness, a non-profit organization established to provide Congress with independent analyses of agency regulations. He started his career in the Nixon White House as Chief of Environment at the Office of Management and Budget, before going on to serve as Assistant Director of the OMB in the Carter White House, and Deputy Administrator in the Reagan White House.

Guy F. Caruso, Moderator
Mr. Caruso was the Middle East oil analyst in the Office Economic Research at the Central Intelligence Agency from 1969 to 1974. He currently is Senior Advisor, Energy and National Security program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington DC. Prior to joining CSIS Caruso served as Administrator, Energy Information Administration (EIA) from July 2002 to September 2008. Before leading EIA, Mr. Caruso acquired over 30 years of energy experience, emphasizing topics relating to energy markets, policy, and security. Caruso held senior management positions in the US Department of Energy and the International Energy Agency in Paris, France.