President Nixon: Champion for Native Americans
President Nixon made several great strides in federal Indian policy, including:
- Returning the sacred Blue Lake to the people of Taos Pueblo in 1970.
- Enacting the Menominee Restoration Act, restoring the recognition of the previously terminated tribe in 1973.
- Signing the Indian Healthcare Act.
- Laid the groundwork for the signing of the Indian Self-Determination Act.
- Increasing the budget of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) by 214%.
- Establishing the first special office on Indian Water Rights.
- Passing the Indian Financing Act of 1974, a bill supporting tribal commercial development.
- Pledging that all available BIA funds be arranged to fit priorities set by tribal governments themselves.
President Nixon’s vision of self-determination for the first Americans ended two centuries of destructive federal policies, ushering in a new era for Native Americans to control their own destiny.