Enter Barbara Hackman Franklin

Enter Barbara Hackman Franklin

In a memorandum to the heads of the executive departments and agencies dated April 21, 1971, President Richard Nixon announced a program to recruit top women for mid- and high-level positions in the federal government. The president wrote, “it has been my desire to...
Okinawa Down…More Issues to Go

Okinawa Down…More Issues to Go

This political cartoon from August 1971 suggests a foreboding future for relations with Japan. Fortunately, the reality was not so grim.One of the first National Security Study Memoranda (NSSMs) President Nixon issued was NSSM 5, a study on US policy toward Japan. The...